TaeKwonDo and Karate are amazing Martial Arts and both have a lot to offer! However, when it comes to looking into what is the difference between TaekwonDo and Karate and which one is right for you or your kids, there are some key areas to look at.
So what is the difference between TaeKwonDo and Karate? Here are the key areas :
- Forms (Poomsae and Kata)
- Hand Techniques
- Kicking Techniques
As I mentioned both are excellent Martial Arts, however I found that taking an in-depth look at both TaeKwonDo and Karate is the best way to figure out which one will be best for you or your kids.
History Of TaeKwondDo And Karate
TaeKwondo comes from Korea, they teach techniques that are mainly for kicking and are now meant to be fast, strong and if done right can appear almost graceful. The art also teaching punches and blocking techniques to counter any and all attacks but kicking is emphasized more then anything else.
For a more indepth look at the history of Taekwondo, check out this post I wrote.
Karate however, comes from Japan and more specifically Okinawa, the priority is hitting your opponent with more hands then feet and so they use much more punching, knees and elbow strikes.
If taught correctly, the movements are very direct and decisive. As with TaeKwonDo, there are also blocking methods used but they do also teach take downs as a regular part of their training.
Philosophies Of TaeKwonDo and Karate
The generally accepted translation of Taekwondo is “the art (Do) of foot(Tae) and fist(Kwon).
According to the Korean language, “Do” signifies the philosophical approach to a way of life, a type of pathway to achieve enlightenment. The students of Taekwondo, through tough physical, mental as well as spiritual training, intend to improve themselves in every class and every day.
At the center of TaeKwonDo is the concept of Yin and Yang and this symbolizes the interaction of opposing forces in nature. Harmony and balance are achieved when these opposing forces are distributed equally, a this will allow a way for one to rid oneself of ego
Karate on the other hand is based on the philosophy of Budo, the martial art ways of Japan, which is reflected in its concept of a constant search for personal improvement. The definition of Karate is that of “Empty Hands” which has the concept of emptying the mind of all evil desires and vanities.
Karate a martial art in which the ultimate purpose is not to seek to win, but to work toward perfection of character and a strong body. As with TaeKwonDo, it requires solid discipline and strenuous exercise
Forms (Poomsae Vs Kata)
Before I get into the differences, let me just add that regardless of which form you practice, you must make sure you repeat them over and over and most importantly that you learn to do them correctly.
This will make sure that the movements will be ingrained in your memory and will vastly improve your skills including the angles, snaps and power.
The TaeKwonDo poomsae (or forms, for a simpler term) are supposed to be a practice of the techniques that you learn with each belt rank. The forms are meant to be done with the mindset that there is an opponent across from you and you are either striking or blocking.
It is basically a combination of offensive and defensive techniques towards an imaginary opponent. At the same time, it also serves as the identity of TaeKwonDo as each poomsae has their own (very unique) meaning.
A Kata in Karate contains all the basic and fundamental movements within its system. The basic function of kata is and was to teach students these exact techniques. Each technique is done in a specific manner.
In Karate, the kata (the Japanese version of forms) holds all of the basic techniques of the system. These floor patterns, allow the kata to be done within confined space and has little to do with attacks from different directions.
According to present day Okinawan masters, kata represents fighting a single opponent and the development of kata allows one to practice techniques without the fear of injury to an opponent. Historically, this was important because if someone was injured, they or the family was allowed to seek revenge. (ouch!)
The Use of Hands in TaeKwonDo and Karate
With modern day TaeKwonDo and its movement towards a more sports oriented martial art, hand movements and punches have taken even more of backseat to kicks.
One of the reasons for this is because in tournaments, like the Olympics for example, it makes it difficult if not impossible to score with any type of hand technique and therefore it has tended to go away from the more traditional TaeKwonDo style which used many of the same hand styles as Karate.
On the other hand (get it?), Karate uses punches more frequently and often includes knee and elbow strikes. Karate punches include such strikes as reverse, jabbing, back fist and lunge punching. A typical and fundamental combination would go something like a thrust punch, and then a back fist followed up an elbow strike.
TaeKwonDo vs Karate in Kicking
Kicks in Taekwondo are meant to be fast. They are smooth, efficient and high, just what is needed for competition. The kick that is most often used for this is the roundhouse kick, however, even within Taekwondo, there are differences in the way some kicks like these are preformed. The basic Tae KwonDo Kicks would include:
- Front Kick
- Turning Kick
- Side Kick
- Back Kick
Kicks in Karate on the other hand generally don’t go above the waist. This may look slow and cumbersome to someone who is used to kicking high and fast like in TaeKwonDo, but the energy to raise the kick to this high level is used for power in Karate at lower leg levels. The basic Karate Kicks would include:
- Front Kick
- Round House Kick
- Knee Strike
- Crescent Kick
TaeKwonDo vs Karate with Weapons
Where Karate and TaeKwonDo really seem to go in different directions is when it comes to Weapons. In the years that I have taken TaeKwonDo, I can not remember a day in which any type of weapon was introduced.
At first, I thought that perhaps my particular school just did not train their students in this aspect of training but I came to learn that in TaeKwonDo their is basically no weapons learning at all with only exception being, sometimes, a special addition to the school but its not very common.
In Karate, due to its Okinawan origins, weapons play an important part of a schools training. During your training you will be introduced on how to use weapons such as the bo staff and nunchaku.
However and in case you were wondering, at the beginning and so you don’t accidentally knock yourself out, they are padded until you become more proficient in their use at which time the “gloves come off” and you start to train with more intensity .
As I hope can you see at this point the two styles are more similar then different and for this reason, among a few other important ones, I decided to stay with TaeKwonDo.
However, at some point in the near future, I think I would like to take up Karate, in addition to my TaeKwonDo of course, as their is a lot of cross over and I think I would enjoy learning how to use my hands more, not mention learning how to use those bo staff weapons.