Meaning of TaeKwonDo

TaeKwonDo Terminology: Essential Words To Know

History of TaeKwonDo

If you learning TaeKwondo from a Master who is from Korea and who perhaps learned Tawkwondo at a university such as Yong University, then you will probably be spoken to in class a mixture of Korean and English. At my schools this is how it is done.

So what is the essential terminology and words used in TaeKwonDo? The essential terminology consists of kicks, stances, punches, numbers, human anatomy such as arms and legs as well more general terms used in Taekwondo classes

Since my instructor is from Korea and I hear these terms all the time in class and I thought it would appropriate to list them all in case you find yourself in the same situation as myself or perhaps just want to learn some Korean for TaeKwonDo!

General Words in Korean for TaeKwonDo

How to tie a belt in Tae Kwon Do

Hello / How are you – An Nyung Ha Sae Yo
Good bye – An Nyung He Gae Sae Yo
Thank you – Kam Sa Ham Me Da
Bow – Kyung Nae
Bow to Flags – Kuk Gee Eh Dae Han Kyung Na
Bow to Master – Kuan Jang Nim Kkae Kyung Nae
Taekwondo School – Kwan
Uniform – Dobok
Gym for practice – DoJang
America – Mi Gook
Korea – Han Gook
Korean Flag – Tae Guk Gi
American Flag – Mi Gook Gee
Attention .- Chah-ryut
Ready  – Joon-bee
Begin – Si-jak
Yell – Ki-Yahp

Sparring – Gyoroggi
Self-defense – Hosinsool
A Round of competition – Jeon
A Point scored in competition-Jeum
Referee – Joo Sim
Attention .- Chah-ryut

1st – 9th degree – Dan
Master instructor (above fifth degree black belt) – Kwan Jang Nim
Under 15 red/black belt- Poom
Forms, formal exercises – Poomse
Instructor (above fourth degree black belt) – Sabom Nim

Anatomy in Korean For TaeKwonDo

What is the belt order in TaeKwonDo

Neck- Mok
Head – Mo Li
Face – Ul Gool
Mouth – Ip
Body – Momtong
Knee – Moo Rup
Fist – Joomock
Face – Eolgul
Leg –Dari
Foot –Baal
Ball of Foot – Jock Do
Forearm – Palmock
Wrist – Sonmock
Knee – Moo Rup
Elbow – Pal Gub
Shin – Jung Gang E
Heel – Bal Dwee Ggum Chee

Korean Numbers 1 -10

Hana – one
Dul – two
Set – three
Net – four
Dasot – five
Yasot  – six
Elgub – seven
Yodol – eight
Ahob – nine
Yol –ten

If you want to learn the Korean numbers to 100 then check out my post on how to say the numbers 1 to 100

The Names of Kicks in Korean for TaeKwonDo

TaeKwonDo Injuires

Axe Kick – Naeryeo Chagi
Back Kick – Dwi Chagi
Crescent Kick – Bandal Chag
Front Kick – Ap Chagi
Tornado Kick – Dol Gae Chagi
Jumping Front Kick – Eedan Ap Chagi
Jumping Kick – Twi O Cha Gi
Knee Strike – Moreup Chigi
Push Kick – Meereo Chagi
Roundhouse or Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi
Scissor Kick – Kawi Chagi
Side Kick – Yeop Chagi
Spinning Hook Kick – Dwi Huryeo Chagi
Hook kick– Guligi Cha Gi
Swing Kick – Naeryeo Chagi

For more details on kicks in TaeKwonDo check out my post on this subject

The Names of Blocks in Korean For TaeKwonDo

Knife-hand Block – Son Nal Maggi
Double Knife Hand Block – Du Son Nal Kuh Dul A Maggi
Rising Block -Wee Maggi
Outside Block – Backat Maggi
X Block – Yeot Pero Maggi
Down Block – Ahre Maggi
Middle Block – Momtong Maggi
Spreading Block – Hecho Maggi
Double Hand Block – Du Son Kuh Dul A Maggi
Palm Block – Ba Tang Son Maggi

For more details on blocks in TaeKwonDo check out my post on this subject

The Names of Punches in Korean For TaeKwonDo

Is Tae Kwon Do effective in a street fight

Spear fingers Punch – Son Nal Dung Chi Gi
Knife-hand Punch — Sob Nal Chi Gi
Hammer fist Punch – Me Joomok Chi Gi
Knuckle fist Punch – Pyon Joomock Chi Gi
Hook Punch – Guligi Chi Gi
Back-Fist Punch-Dung Joomock Chi Gi
Elbow Punch- Palkoop Chi Gi
Palm Strike – Ba Tang Son Tuck Chi Gi
Double Knife Hand Strike – Doo Son Nal Mok Chi Gi

For more details on punches in TaeKwonDo check out my post on this subject

The Names of Stances in Korean for TaeKwonDo

Front Stance – Ahp Gubi Sogi
Fighting Stance –Mot Sohgi
Walking Stance – Ahp Sogi
Back Stance – Dwi Gibi Sogi
Horse Stance – Juchoom Sogi
Tiger Stance – Poom Sogi
Ready Stance – Pyong Hi Sogi
Twisted Stance – Koa Sogi
Sparring Stance – Kyeo Ry Gee Chum Be

For more details on stances in TaeKwonDo check out my post on this subject