History of The Poomse
According to the World Taekwondo Federation, Taebaek is the “name of a mountain with the meaning of “bright mountain”, where Tangun, the founder of the nation of Korean people, reigned the country, and the bright mountain symbolizes sacredness of soul and Tangun’s thought of “hongik ingan”[humanitarian ideal]. There are numerous sites known as Taebaek, but Mt. Paektu, which has been typically known as the cradle of Korean people, is the background naming the Taebaek poomsae”.
The practice and development of Poomse skill is the soul of Taekwondo practice. Poomse are used heavily in Taekwondo rank testing. A skilled instructor can discern the knowledge, skill level, strength, and focus of an individual just by watching them perform one form. When performing Poomse one must take into account several ideas:
- Technique The Poomse is made up of Taekwondo techniques of blocking, striking and kicking. Without the understanding and development of basic skills, Poomse cannot be performed properly. Blocking motions should start and stop where they will be effective. Striking techniques should begin at the hip and use the appropriate follow-through. Balance, control and proper foot positions should be used with kicking skills.
- Knowledge of the Poomse – It is important to learn as much as possible about the particular form. The student should know the pattern, stances and techniques in as much detail as possible. Some of the motions in Poomse can appear to be very “abstract” and the practitioner must train hard to understand the motion. Knowing the history, Chinese character pattern and Palgwe idea inspires the student in practice and adds enrichment to the experience
- Attitude – To practice Taekwondo for any extended time takes perseverance and patience. These attributes are consciously developed in the course of training, and they comprise an important step in understanding the art. Always foster a strong and determined attitude when Poomse training. Giving complete attention to a task will create the proper mental idea to display in Taekwondo.
- Eye Focus and Precision – Since the Poomse is a “simulated combat” practitioners must look where their imaginary opponent is located. Imagining an opponent will develop the precision of the attack and defense techniques. Middle punches should strike the imaginary opponent’s chest, high blocks should redirect high punches, and high kicks should hit the opponent’s face. Where the practitioner places these attack and defense techniques depends on their ability to “see” the attacks and openings. This is the first step in the formation of precise and effective techniques.
- Posture and Balance – Posture and balance are really about controlling the center of gravity. Proper posture, from a good stance, enables a practitioner to use maximum force. Balance allows us to control that force and to continue with the next technique quickly and efficiently.
- Timing – Timing deals with the rhythm of the Poomse. One should perform the Poomse so that each motion is completed fully and then move on to the next without hesitation. This does not imply doing the actions in a rapid fashion but rather performing each motion properly.
- Power – The display of power is based on using tension and relaxation in body movements. In the preparatory stage, relaxation is used. This helps to give speed to the technique. Once the technique has been delivered as it approaches its action, tension is applied. Learning when and how to use these two elements is one of the most important lessons of Poomse practice.
- Breathing and Kihop – Breathing is crucial to the development of Taekwondo skills. One should inhale during the preparatory motion and exhale on the delivery of the technique. The Kihop or spirit shout, encompasses the idea that the exhalation is the strongest moment of the action. The Kihop should come from the diaphragm and not the nose or throat.
Terms Used in This Form:
- Poomse – Form
- Joon Bi – Ready Stance (i.e. “at ease”)
- KiHap – Shout
- Poomsae – Form
- Ap Kubi – Front Stance
- Ahre maggi – Low block
- Momtong jireugi –Middle punch
- Sonnal mok anchigi – knife hand strike
- Hansonnal Montong Maki – middle block with an open palm
Taegeuk Sam Jang Step By Step
From Joon Bi Seogi, turn to your left with your left foot forward and execute a left low block.
Perform a front kick with your right foot and as soon as it lands, deliver a right middle punch followed by a left middle punch!
Turn 180 degrees on your left foot, landing your right foot ahead and getting your right arm in a low block.
Do a left front kick and continue with a left middle punch followed by a right middle punch!
Turn 90 degrees to your right, now facing the front, and perform a sideway reversed-knife hand or ridge hand with your right hand; to do this you have to let your palms open and slightly tuck the upper part of your thumb into your palm, make sure your arm is straight as you swing your arm to the front!
Step forward once with your right foot while delivering a sideway ridge hand with your left arm.
Bring your left foot to align with your right, but have it point to the right side of the room as you simultaneously execute Hansonnal Montong Maki with your left arm. Hansonnal Montong Maki is what you call a middle block with an open palm facing your opponent, instead of a closed fist.
Half-step forward with your left foot while executing a right middle punch.
Turn 180 degrees on your left foot so that you are facing your right side with your right leg in front of your left. Now, execute a Hansonnal Montong Maki with your right arm.
Half-step forward with your right foot while executing a left middle punch.
Face the front by turning 90 degrees to the left on your right foot and deliver a right middle block.
Step forward once with your right foot while delivering a left middle block.
Turn 270 degrees to your left and execute a left low block.
Perform a front kick with your right leg and follow it up with two middle punches starting with the right fist, closely followed by the left.
Turn 180 degrees to your right side and deliver a right low block
Perform a front kick with your left leg and follow it up with two middle punches starting with the left fist, closely followed by the right.
Turn 90 degrees to your left and execute a left low block, followed by a right middle punch in one fluid motion!
Step forward with your right leg once and execute a right low block, followed by a left middle punch in one fluid motion!
Perform a front kick with your left foot, followed by a left low block and immediately followed by a right middle punch!
Perform a front kick with your right leg, followed by a right low block and immediately follow it up with a left middle punch. Afterwards, return to Joon Bi Seogi.