This could be a little complicated here as far as the history or meaning of this particular form but for Taegeuk – Tae means bigness and Geuk means eternity, so Taegeuk roughly means that which is the essence of everything or it has no beginning and no end.
The Second Part – Sa Jang is a series of actions expressing the JIN principle of Palgwe (Eight Tri Grams from Book of Changes) so basically JIN represents thunder. Thunder (as well as lightening) is a source of fear and danger. Therefore this form teaches us that we must remain calm and brave when faced with danger and fear.
Poomse Form and Practice
The practice and development of Poomse skill is the soul of Tae kwon do practice and are used a lot in Taekwondo rank testing. An experienced instructor can tell a lot about the students knowledge, skill level, strength just by watching them perform one form. When performing Poomse one must take into account several ideas:
Technique The Poomse is made up of Taekwondo techniques of blocking, striking and kicking. Without the understanding and development of basic skills, Poomse cannot be performed properly. Blocking motions should start and stop where they will be effective. Striking techniques should begin at the hip and use the appropriate follow-through. Balance, control and proper foot positions should be used with kicking skills.
Knowledge of the Poomse – It is important to learn as much as possible about the particular form. The student should know the pattern, stances and techniques in as much detail as possible. Some of the motions in Poomse can appear to be very “abstract” and the practitioner must train hard to understand the motion. Knowing the history, Chinese character pattern and Palgwe idea inspires the student in practice and adds enrichment to the experience
Attitude – To practice Taekwondo for any extended time takes perseverance and patience. These attributes are consciously developed in the course of training, and they comprise an important step in understanding the art. Always foster a strong and determined attitude when Poomse training. Giving complete attention to a task will create the proper mental idea to display in Taekwondo.
Eye Focus and Precision – Since the Poomse is a “simulated combat” practitioners must look where their imaginary opponent is located. Imagining an opponent will develop the precision of the attack and defense techniques. Middle punches should strike the imaginary opponent’s chest, high blocks should redirect high punches, and high kicks should hit the opponent’s face. Where the practitioner places these attack and defense techniques depends on their ability to “see” the attacks and openings. This is the first step in the formation of precise and effective techniques.
Posture and Balance – Posture and balance are really about controlling the center of gravity. Proper posture, from a good stance, enables a practitioner to use maximum force. Balance allows us to control that force and to continue with the next technique quickly and efficiently.
Timing – Timing deals with the rhythm of the Poomse. One should perform the Poomse so that each motion is completed fully and then move on to the next without hesitation. This does not imply doing the actions in a rapid fashion but rather performing each motion properly.
Power – The display of power is based on using tension and relaxation in body movements. In the preparatory stage, relaxation is used. This helps to give speed to the technique. Once the technique has been delivered as it approaches its action, tension is applied. Learning when and how to use these two elements is one of the most important lessons of Poomse practice.
Breathing and Kihop – Breathing is crucial to the development of Taekwondo skills. One should inhale during the preparatory motion and exhale on the delivery of the technique. The Kihop or spirit shout, encompasses the idea that the exhalation is the strongest moment of the action. The Kihop should come from the diaphragm and not the nose or throat.
Points of Stress – The poomsae is finally classified by the extent of emphasis in favor of either strength or softness and of either a slow movement or a fast movement. Strong but slow movements and speedy but soft movements are included in the similar category.
Terms Used in This Form:
- Dwi Koa Sogi – Cross stance
- Yeop Seogi – L-Shape Stance
- Bakkat Makgi -Outside block
- Mejumeok Naeryo Chigi – Hammer fist
- Elbow strike
- Joon Bi Seogi– Ready Stance (i.e. “at ease”)
- KiHap – Shout
- Poomsae – Form
- Hansonnal Montong Maki – Inner Block
Form 4 – Taegeuk Sa Jang
Poomsae Taegeuk Sa Jang – Thunder comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth and is one of the most powerful natural forces, circling, gyrating. This Taeguk should be performed with this in mind.
From Joon Bi Seogi, turn to your left, with your left foot sliding to face your left while also delivering a Hansonnal Montong Maki with your left arm.
Step forward once with your right leg and deliver a Double Knife Hand with your right arm; this is executed the same way you would a middle punch, but with your palms open and facing to the side instead of being enclosed in a fist.
Turn 180 degrees to your right and execute Hansonnal Montong Maki with your right arm.
Step forward once with your left leg and deliver a Double Knife Hand with your left arm.
Turn 90 degrees to your left while executing a Jebipoom Sonal Mok Chigi with your right hand; this is executed by swinging your right hand to your opponent with your palm open and facing the sky while your other hand (also with an open palm) will go up to your forehead.
Deliver a front kick with your right foot and then execute a left middle punch.
Deliver a side kick with your left leg; this is executed by turning your body to face the side and lifting your folded leg and releasing the kick as it aligns with your head level. Land your leg in front of the other.
Deliver a side kick with your right leg and execute Hansonnal Montong Maki with your right arm.
Turn 180 degrees to your left on your right foot while executing a left middle block.
Perform a front kick with your right leg and land it behind your left leg and execute a right middle punch.
Turn 180 degrees to your right on your left foot while executing a right middle block.
Perform a front kick with your left leg and land it behind your right leg and execute a left middle punch.
Turn 90 degrees to your left on your right foot and deliver a Jebipoom Sonal Mok Chigi with your right arm outstretched.
Perform a front kick with your right leg and land it in front of your left leg and execute a right middle punch.
Turn 90 degrees to your left on your right foot and execute a left middle block.
Transition your left middle block to a right middle punch.
Turn 180 degrees to your right on your left foot and execute a right middle block.
Transition your right middle block to a left middle punch.
Turn 90 degrees to the left on your right foot and step your left foot forward, after this execute a right middle block and follow it up with two alternating middle punches starting with your left fist. Turn 180 degrees to your left on your right foot and return to Joon Bi Seogi.
Always keep your posture straight and strong to maintain balance and stability in your movements! It’s also worth mentioning to listen to your body and don’t force yourself to learn something you personally aren’t ready for yet; in cases like these, practice slowly until you feel comfortable enough to try again!
Always wait for the “Baro!” or end signal of your master before getting into Joon Bi Seogi after every form; this shows that you are taught to be disciplined during Tae Kwon Do sessions.